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At Anthony Roper Primary School we aim for all our children to become fluent and confident readers who are passionate about reading.

Children who read regularly or are read to regularly, have the opportunity to open the doors to so many different worlds!

More importantly, reading will give your child the tools to become independent life-long learners.

We can achieve this together through:

  • Read Write Inc, a programme to help to your child read at school.
  • Encouraging children to develop a love of books by reading to them daily, at home and at school.
  • Giving children access to a wide range of books/e-books at school and at home.

What is Read Write Inc?

Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics literacy programme which helps children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.  

RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin. More information on this can be found by clicking here.  

Parent video: What is Read Write Inc Phonics: Click here to view.


How will my child be taught to read?

We start by teaching phonics to the children in Reception. This means that they learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down. This is essential for reading, but it also helps children learn to spell well. We teach the children simple ways of remembering these sounds and letters.


The children:

  • Learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts
  • Learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending
  • Read from a range of storybooks and non-fictions books matched to their phonic knowledge
  • Work well with partners
  • Develop comprehension skills in stories


The children:

  • Learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases
  • Learn to write words by using Fred Talk
  • Learn to build sentences by practising sentences out loud before they write 


The children work in pairs so that they:

  • Answer every question
  • Practise every activity with their partner
  • Take turns in talking and reading to each other
  • Develop ambitious vocabulary

Progressing through the stages

Children in Early Years are introduced to initial sounds. Children then begin to learn how to 'read' the sound in words and how those sounds be can be written down. As children progress, they follow the same format as Early Years but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level. Daily sessions of RWI phonics last 45 minutes.

Children will be taught how to read as follows:

Before you start to teach your child, practice saying the sounds below. These are the sounds we use to speak in English. Children initially begin using pictures for each sound. This will help children recognise the sound and then form the shape of the sound. 

 Fred Talk

We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’,’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily.

At school, we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert in sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck.

The following video is an example of blending sounds with Fred: Click here to view.


The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.

RWI Set 1, 2 and 3

Step 1:

Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.

At this stage we do not use the letter names

Use the link below to support your pronunciation sounds correctly.

Step 2:

The children are then taught Set 2 Sounds - the long vowels. When they are very confident with all of set 1 and 2 they are taught Set 3 Sounds.


Nonsense words (Alien words)- ‘what a load of nonsense!’       

As well as learning to read and blend real words children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘nonsense words’. These words will also feature heavily in the Year One Phonics Screening check in the summer term.  These words provide endless opportunities for children to apply and practice their thinking in a range of different contexts. 

Step 3:

Within all the RWI sessions/books, children will be exposed to red and green words to learn to help them to become speedy readers. Red words are words that are not easily decodable and challenge words to extend children’s vocabulary. Green words are linked to the sounds they have been learning and are easily decodable.

Dots and dashes represent the sound each letter makes.

During the RWI session, children will read the book three times and at each new reading they will have plenty of opportunities to practise using their developing comprehension skills. You may have heard your child talking about ‘hold, edit or build a sentence’.

Hold a sentence is an activity that encourages children to remember a whole sentence while focusing on spelling and punctuation.

Build a sentence is to give children the opportunity to create their own sentence so that it shows the meaning of a word.

Edit a sentence allows the children to critique a sentence using their knowledge of spelling punctuation and grammar.

To help at home:

Your child will start to bring books home when they are confident readers, relating to their reading stage. You will find they will bring home a phonics-based book. This will aid application, speed and fluency-developing speedy reading!  Following on from this, they will bring a comprehension-based book which will begin to enrich their reading and will require decoding skills.  It will enhance their understanding via inspirational language promoting depth to their understanding.

Parent video: Reading the digraphs with your child: Click here.  

Parent video: Reading the bouncy sounds with your child: Click here.

Useful websites for Parents

Please find a list of websites that you may find useful in helping you and your child learn about phonics. Games and fun activity websites are also included.

Ruth Miskin - Information and resources to support phonics learning at home. Click here to view.

Phonics Play - fun games for the children to play. Click here to view.

ICT Games - fun games for the children to play. Click here to view.

First School Years - fun games for the children to play. Click here to view.

BBC Bitesize - many games to play covering all areas of the curriculum. Click here to view.

Read Write Inc guide for parents 

The following links provides lots of free Read Write Inc. Phonics resources to help your child, including eBooks, practice sheets and parent films. 

We have access to a range of eBooks on Oxford Reading Owl. You can browse by age, level, book type and series. Click here for the Oxford Reading Owl website. 

You can also use the links below to find different stories to share together at home: 

CBeebies story time (the website targets younger children but these stories are GREAT for all ages!) Click here for the website.

Here are bedtime stories read by famous celebrities: Click here.

If your older child wants to talk more about books, they can use the CBBC Book Club: Click here.

Book Trust have some wonderful stories to watch or read along with and activities to complete: Click here.